Lewis and Clark National Historical Park

Lewis and Clark Picture

Facts about the Lewis and Clark National Historical Park

1. The historic, national park began as Fort Clatsop National Memorial which was established on May 29, 1958.

2. Fort Clatsop National Memorial was redesignated as the Lewis and Clark National Historical Park on October 30, 2004.

3. The Lewis and Clark National Historical Park provides beautiful scenery of the states of Washington and Oregon and provides access to various, interesting sites such as:

The replica of Fort Clatsop
The Fort to Sea Trail
Station Camp
Salt Works
Netul Landing
William Clark's Dismal Nitch
Cape Disappointment State Park
Fort Columbia State Park
Fort Stevens State Park
Tillamook Head (part of Ecola State Park)

4. The original replica of Fort Clatsop was built in 1955 but was destroyed by fire and re-built in 2006. Fort Clatsop was built by the Corps of Discovery as their winter quarters at the end of their outward journey of exploration. It provides the opportunity for visitors and tourists to view the log cabins and living conditions of the explorers.

5. The Fort To Sea Trail is a a 6.5-mile trail that winds its way through the woods to the south of Fort Clatsop to Sunset Beach on the Pacific Ocean.

6. Station Camp, aka Middle Village, was used as the departure point for the Corps of Discovery on their overland journey to their first view of the Pacific Ocean. Station Camp was William Clark's primary survey station where he produced a detailed map of the mouth of the Columbia River.

7. The Salt Works was donated by the Oregon Historical Society as an addition to Fort Clatsop National Memorial. Members of the Corps of Discovery obtained salt from the Pacific Ocean in order to provide flavoring for their food and most importantly to preserve their meat.

8. Netul Landing is part of the 146-mile Lewis and Clark Columbia River Water Trail that follows the route of the explorers on the Lower Columbia River from Bonneville Dam to the Pacific Ocean, near Ilwaco, Washington.

9. William Clark's Dismal Nitch is the name given to the dreary spot where members of the Corps of Discovery were trapped for six days by fierce wind and high waves at the rocky shoreline.

10. Cape Disappointment State Park is a 1,882-acre Washington state park. Its location is southwest of Ilwaco, on the southern part of Long Beach Peninsula, fronting the Pacific Ocean.

11. Fort Columbia State Park is a 593-acre Washington state park that has and interpretive center with the history and information on the Chinook Native American Indian culture. To learn about the explorers description of the Chinook tribe refer to Accounts of the Native Indians.

12. Fort Stevens was an American military installation that guarded the mouth of the Columbia River in the state of Oregon where the interior of the abandoned fort can be viewed

13. Tillamook Head (part of Ecola State Park) rises 1000 feet from the Pacific Ocean and it was in this area that the explorers found the beached whale. For accounts of this incident refer to the Lewis and Clark journal entries of  January 6, 1806 - January 8, 1806.

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